Helplessness, Hopelessness, and Haplessness

Lester’s Helplessness, Hopelessness, and Haplessness inventory is the leading inventory — it is the only inventory — for measuring not just helplessness, not just helplessness and hopelessness, but helplessness AND hopelessness AND haplessness.

The prolific Professor Lester — he has authored or co-authored more than 2500 academic papers, most a page or two long — has published several studies about his Helplessness, Hopelessness, and Haplessness inventory, beginning with:

An inventory to measure helplessness, hopelessness, and haplessness,” David Lester, Psychological Reports, 2001 Dec;89(3):495-8.

BONUS: For an introduction to Professor Lester’s massive body of work, along with a look at the output of his young, across-the-sea rival Voracek, see the May/June 2007 issue of the Annals of Improbable Research:

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