Archive for 'Ig Nobel'

“Gay bomb” research facility urges caution about “love hormone”

Sunday, January 25th, 2015

oxytocinThe laboratory facility that long ago won honors for doing research and development on the so-called “gay bomb” is casting a skeptical eye at widespread claims about oxytocin, a substance some people call “the love hormone”.

The Neuroskeptic blog reports:

A new study offers two reasons to be cautious about some of the claims made for the role of the hormone oxytocin in human behavior.

The paper’s out now in PLoS ONE from researchers James C. Christensen and colleagues, who are based at the US Air Force Research Laboratory in Ohio. That the military are interested in oxytocin at all is perhaps a testament to the huge amount of interest that this molecule has attracted in recent years. Oxytocin has been called the “hug hormone”, and is said to be involved in such nice things as love and trust. But according to Christensen et al., quite a lot of previous oxytocin research may be flawed.

The 2007 Ig Nobel peace prize was awarded to the Air Force Wright Laboratory, Dayton, Ohio, USA, for instigating research & development on a chemical weapon — the so-called “gay bomb” — that will make enemy soldiers become sexually irresistible to each other.

REFERENCE: “Harassing, Annoying, and ‘Bad Guy’ Identifying Chemicals,” Wright Laboratory, WL/FIVR, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, June 1, 1994.

BONUS: James C. Christensen [pictured below] also is part of a team that says: “We did something that has never been done before. Modifying a car—a 2014 Corvette C7 Stingray—so a qualified quadriplegic driver can safely operate it under racetrack conditions. We call it SAM. A semi-autonomous motorcar.”

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A little video essay about the Ig Nobel Prizes

Thursday, January 15th, 2015

Khantati produced this short video essay about the Ig Nobel Prizes:

Current Biology, biology, fun, and the Ig Nobel Prizes

Monday, January 12th, 2015

CURBIO_25_1.c1.inddThe journal Current Biology, in celebrating its 25th birthday (congratulations!), published a special issue that includes two articles touching on the Ig Nobel Prizes.

Geoffrey North, the journal’s editor, wrote an editorial called “The Biology of Fun and the Fun of Biology“:

Both [the artist] Magritte and [the artistic chef] el Bulli illustrate one aspect of ‘fun’ that is relevant to Current Biology — and that is the element of surprise…. One thing Current Biology is known for is being rather unpredictable; people often tell us we are a bit ‘quirky’, and they generally mean this as a compliment. This likely relates to the ‘pleasure of novelty’: it is a common experience that when something, even a great work of art, is experienced too often within a short period of time, the pleasure evoked strongly diminishes.
The idea of ‘fun’ in work does not necessarily imply frivolity, or triviality — fun can be had in work that results in a Nobel Prize (theoretical physicists, such as Richard Feynman, seem particularly prone to this), as well as that rewarded with an Ig Nobel Prize. And interestingly, the latter has evolved into a worthy prize: a paper we published in 2013 [Current Biology, 2013, R298–R300.] was awarded an Ig Nobel Prize, and as one of the authors of that paper, Marie Dacke, explained in her Q & A last year [Current Biology, 2014, R546–R547.], the prize is now awarded for “research that first makes people laugh and then makes them think”, which has to be a wholly good thing.

Michael Gross wrote an essay called “The joy of science communication“:

Ridicule is always a question of perspective…. This perspective-dependent combination of seriousness and oddity is what keeps the Ig Nobel Prizes in business. These prizes are celebrated just before the less entertaining Nobel Prizes and have been going strong since 1991, just like Current Biology. The 2014 honour roll includes, for instance, work about the behavioural reaction of Svalbard reindeer to humans dressed up as polar bears (or not – you always have to include a control experiment), the mental health hazards of keeping cats, pain sensitivity of people looking at good or bad paintings, and dogs aligning with the Earth’s magnetic field when defecating (http://www.improbable.com/ig/ig-pastwinners.html).
Surely, each of these research projects was based on a reasonable question and may even have yielded valuable results. The scientists in question may not have appreciated at the beginning that a one-line description of their activity might look faintly ridiculous, especially if reported by media around the world. Still, recipients of the Ig Nobels typically attend the ceremony in good spirit and may ultimately benefit from the extra publicity for their work which might have otherwise fallen into oblivion quite fast….

IgNobel-UglyPicture

Ig Nobility: The annual Ig Nobel Prizes aim to “first make people laugh, then make them think.” In 2014, the art prize was awarded to Marina de Tommaso, Michele Sardaro and Paolo Livrea of Italy, for measuring the relative pain people suffer while looking at an ugly painting, rather than a pretty painting, while being shot in the hand by a powerful laser beam. The photo shows Nobel laureate Frank Wilczek, who helped hand out the Ig Nobel Prizes to the new winners at the 2014 Ig Nobel Prize ceremony at Harvard, being exposed to an ugly painting. (Photo: Alexey Eliseev/Improbable Research.) [to see an enlargement, click on the image]

This year will, indeed, also see the 25th birthday of the Ig Nobel Prize ceremony. The 25th First Annual Ig Nobel Prize Ceremony will happen on Thursday, September 17, 2015. You are invited to attend the festivities at Harvard University (should you manage to obtain a ticket) or to watch the live webcast.

Cleese opines to great effect on Dunning and on Kruger

Saturday, January 10th, 2015

John Cleese, the tallest and angriest of the Monty Pythons, tells here, in this video, of his controlled, venomous glee at learning about the Dunning-Kruger Effect:

The Open Culture blog comments about Cleese’s commenting.

David Dunning and Justin Kruger — the Dunning and the Kruger of the Dunning-Kruger effect — were awarded the 2000 Ig Nobel Prize for psychology, for their study “Unskilled and Unaware of It: How Difficulties in Recognizing One’s Own Incompetence Lead to Inflated Self-Assessments.” The study was published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 77, no. 6, December 1999, pp. 1121-34.

BONUS: Ig Nobel winner David Dunning surveys recent research about incompetent people

A super, super slo-mo video look at the snapping of a spaghetti strand

Saturday, December 27th, 2014

Destin, the star of the SmarterEveryDay video series, takes a very, very slow motion look at the spaghetti-breaking oddity that led to an Ig Nobel Prize in physics:

The 2006 Ig Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to Basile Audoly and Sebastien Neukirch of the Université Pierre et Marie Curie, in Paris, for their insights into why, when you bend dry spaghetti, it often breaks into more than two pieces. [REFERENCE: “Fragmentation of Rods by Cascading Cracks: Why Spaghetti Does Not Break in Half,” Basile Audoly and Sebastien Neukirch, Physical Review Letters, vol. 95, no. 9, August 26, 2005, pp. 95505-1 to 95505-1.]

BONUS: The broken-spaghetti physics behind Illustrator