Peculiar Relationships Between Authors
and the Subject of Their Studies
I. Preliminary Study
It has often amazed us how the choice of subject of a scientist is seemingly associated with his name. A short review of pertinent literature will demonstrate this point.
Recently Lord Brain reviewed the brain mechanism and models (1); together with Head he gave his ideas about THE MAN AND HIS IDEAS (2). Some Foxes dealt with rats and dogs: One Fox (3) studies the effect of trypan blue on rat embryos, and another Fox psychoanalyzed dogs (4). Harm (5) showed that trypan blue was harmful to rabbit embryos. Born & al. (6) measured the changes in the heart and lungs at birth. It is a little strange that Bacon (7) should have studied sugars in the blood of sheep. Quite understandably Amoroso (8) was interested in endocrinology of pregnancy, and SeeGal in immunofertility (9).
For people interested in tissue cultures and religion we recommend the paper of Pious and Hamburger (10) who studied 50 cultures of human foreskin cells. Data of Price (11) were used to compute the values. For botanists we suggest to read again Pond's paper on aquatic plants (12) and for those interested in female anatomy the paper of Goodheart on toplessness (13).
Our attention was attracted also to some books: Dull and Dull wrote a book
of mathematics for engineers (14), Glasscock is the author of isotopic gas
analysis for biochemists (15). Biology of the laboratory mouse was written
by C.C. Little (16), while Smaller dealt with the structure of biomolecules
(which are smaller still) (17). It is surely a coincidence that Hand had
to do with management of bilateral undescended tests, (18) and that Professor
Fleisch wrote a book on proper nutrition (19).
II. Choice of Collaborators
We find that the belletristical value of a scientific publication is much
enhanced by a proper choice of the collaborating author.
Some examples will illustrate the point:
The case of Brain and Head dealing with ideas of man was already mentioned (1). Other combinations are Ham and Plate (20), I.M. Tough, Brown Court and King (21), German, Bird (22), Grey, Mutton & al. (23), Holland, Doll (24), Chu and You (25).
When the authors prefer to stay single, they may have good reasons for
doing so. It would be embarrassing for instance for Poor (26) and Fortune
(27) to appear together, or for the collaboration of Sell (28) and Favour
(29) to make favorable impression. It seems, however, that the co-authorship
of NoYes (30), Ohno (31) and Ghosh (32) or of Main (33) and Journey (34)
might be more convincing.
1. Lord Brain, Brain mechanisms and models, Nature 1964.
2. Brain R., and Head H., The man and his ideas, Brain, 1961, 84, 561.
3. Fox, H.M. & al., Effect of trypan blue on rat embryo. Proc. Amer. Assoc. Anatomists, Buffalo, April 2, 1958.
4. Fox, H.W. A sociosexual behaviour abnormality in the dog resembling Oedipus complex in man. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 1964, 144, 868.
5. Harm, H. Der Einfluss von Trypanblau auf die Nachkommenschaft traechtiger Kaninchen. Z. Naturforsch. 1964, 9b, 536.
6. Born, G.V.R. & al. Changes in the heart and lungs at birth. Cold Spring Harbor Symp. 1954, 19, 102.
7. Bacon, J.S.D., Fructose and glucose in blood of fetal sheep, Biochem J. 1948, 42, 397.
8. Amoroso, E.C., Third International Rheumatology Congress, Brit. Med. J. 1955, ii, 117.
9. Seegal, B.C., Symposium in immunofertility, La Jolla (population Council) 1962, p. 215.
10. Pious, D.A., Hamburger, R.N. and Miles, S.E. Clonal growth of Primary human cell cultures, Exp. Cell. Research 1964, 33, 495.
11. Price, W.C., Thermal inactivation rates of four plant viruses. Arch ges. Virusforsch., 1940, 1, 373.
12. Pond, R.H., The biological relation of aquatic plants to the substratum Report, U.S. Fish Commission, pp. 483-525, 1901.
13. Goodheart, C.B. A biological view of toplessness, New Scientist, Sep. 3, 1964, p. 558.
14. Dull, R.N. and Dull, R. Mathematics for Engineers, 3rd ed. McGraw Hill, N.Y. 1951.
15. Glasscock, R. Isotopic gas analysis for biochemists, Academic Press, N.Y. 1954.
16. Little, C.C., Biology of the laboratory mouse, Dover, N.Y. 1956.
17. Smaller, B., Structure of Biomolecules, ed. Duchesne, Wiley, N.Y. 1963.
18. Hand, J.R., Management of bilateral undescended testes, Postgrad. Med. 1963, 33, 480.
19. Prof. A. Fleisch, Erhaehren wir uns richtig, Thieme, Verlag, Stuttgart, 1961.
20. Ham, J.S. and Plate, J.R., J. Chem. Phys., 1952, 20, 335.
21. Tough, I.M., Brown Court & King M.J. Lancet, 1962, ii, 335.
22. German, J.L. and Bird, D.E., Lancet, 1961, ii, 48.
23. Grey, J.E., Mutton, D.E. and Ashby, A.V., Lancet 1962, i, 21.
24. Holland, W.W. and Doll, R., Brit. J. Cancer, 1962, 16, 177.
25. Chu, J.P. and You, S.S., J. Endocrinol., 1946, 4, 392.
26. Poor, E. Transplantation Bull., 1957, 4, 143.
27. Fortune, D.W. Lancet, 1962, i, 537.
28. Sell, K.W. & al., Research in Burns, Am. Inst. Biol. Sci.,1962, 351.
29. Favour, C.B., Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 1958. 73, 590.
30. Noyes, W.F., Virology, 1962, 17, 282.
31. Ohno, S. Lancet 1962, ii, 152.
32. Ghosh, D.K. and Whiffen, D.H., Mol. Phys., 1959, 2, 285.
33. Main, B., J. Natl. Cancer Inst., 1955, 15, 1023.
34. Journey, L.J. & al., Cancer Res., 1962, 22, 998.
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