Whatever happened to the punctus? [punctuation studies]

Why is there such a paucity of academic literature on medieval punctuation? Is it (as Reimer, 1998, suggested)

[…] partly because there is so much evidence which needs to be studied, and partly because editors of texts have considered the effort needed to be a waste of time”?

For a discussion of the subject, turn to the work of Dr Nadia Obegi Gallardo, a research fellow of the Department of English Philology at the University of Málaga, Spain, who has analysed a hand written text (on vellum) which is archived at Cambridge University Library – MS Ll. 4. 14. (n. 3).

The analyses showed that the most common punctuation marks were:

The punctus (or upper stop)  ·  followed by the double punctus (or colon)  the paragraph mark  ¶  and the virgula suspensiva  /

See: Punctuation in a fifteenth-century Scientific Treatise (MS Cambridge L1. 4.14) in Linguistica e Filologia, 22, (2006)

Bonus [optional]: Has the time come to revive the use of the punctus? If so, we provide some, like this one · below. Any or all of which can freely be cut-and-pasted into modern-day texts of your choice.

·     ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·    ·

33 Responses to “Whatever happened to the punctus? [punctuation studies]”

  1. jak drosy Says:

    vet-david abd elmohsen beshara Says:

  2. david abddelmohsen beshara metryegy Says:

    bioartsExclusively for the magazinelizerde gg photoxygwen&crytalscolocolumn c bls raamsis ash photozinestatus/751072301446201344sea`veThe Arabs&star`veThe Persians12345678910111213141516171819202122232425&fnconstant letter&fp constant laterr&frankoarab&arab isreal&biotransaltion arab langugae neddedundiscoverd bubileuncalssifed

  3. david abddelmohsen beshara metryegy Says:

    i discover in school stories issreal&algeria

  4. david abd elmohsen Says:

    i discover oxyuris mayerae monhuamn donkey gerbil&murabbit noneotooth&maggot myarae huamn rabbit gerbil donkey no newnail&model virus rhzopussppaecologram egypt

  5. dr-david abddelmohsen beshara metryeg Says:

    i discover oxyureas encouarge saerum22dose&neck bandage hiv pregenant vaccine&maggot wencouarge serumhpv vaccine demintahpv virus treate

  6. davidabdelmohsen beshara egypt Says:

    i discover algae rhzopus bracy islnads usa gratful 751072301446201344pectine&12345678910111213141516171819202122232425graphene manf mtime

  7. davidabdelmohsen beshara egypt Says:

    i discover colobird oxyures es22dose leter carrier manf letter biosecuity transpoter manf mution

  8. davidabdelmohsen beshara egypt Says:

    i discover coloforce amphibians formaline salinty home manfLast night we attended a class about natural and artificial flavours taught by the labrininthis canal formalinwAnd boy did we learn a lot!From the difference between real and imitation vanilla to chemicals that made up popular satnds here are 95%vet tevchnician vigrous&vet nusreheteroyn&fwemtoanmn&decasmus nucleico-=
    Although true taste occurs on the tongue, it is only one piece of the puzzle that makes up flavour. As much as 80 per cent of what we perceive as taste actually comes ions

  9. davidabdelmohsen beshara egypt Says:

    i discover tapalm gasc22hso42h2s04 cuba &canda chrsitian opnions&egy

  10. davidabdelmohsen beshara egypt Says:

    i discover zoran column&a eff eaffuitofastercolumn&colocolumn med nucleithnuclei epithalmus&decsmus nuclei eff eaff amn&pmn&dark nuclei eff eaffgebui solitory function test soliders usa

  11. dr-david abdelmohsen beshara metry egypt Says:

    colotemple&frankorab christian kill in usa&arab christain kill in rab regionليف إريكسون، مستكشف آيسلندي من الفايكنغ.

  12. dr-david abdelmohsen beshara metry egypt Says:

    i discover parometer gerbil veterinary pyscology graphen&h2so4 colodevice

  13. Fiona Says:

    The unavoidable question .. Avoided by those born prior to medieval times.

  14. david abdelmohsen beshara metry Says:

    10haemorahgic fevers&10dangerous disease710mysis&10dangerous probelms&10metabolic dangerous defcts myenteric&medictinal&cervical&parotid&inguinal lymph node cathter blood stream

  15. david abdelmohsen beshara metry Says:

    hiv pgcolotime manf letter in body theory fe-=cu=–=cu=-feload theory pg

  16. david abdelmohsen beshara metry Says:

    tumouirologyfish vanilla&section surgery barchy sound

  17. david abdelmohsen beshara metry Says:

    i discover california vaccine in prostate gov&amisvirus segemntal worm brachy virus islands south africa

  18. davidabddelmohsen beshara metryafrica Says:

    i discoverfiash canda wall usa rana virus viral angitis

  19. davidabddelmohsen beshara metryafrica Says:

    i discover ghunea worm treate by 22oxyuris vaccine brachy phoresit dnabls

  20. davidabddelmohsen beshara metryafrica Says:

    &i discoverrabies treate by california fevr vaccine brachy rays noinformation

  21. davidabddelmohsen beshara metryafrica Says:

    i discovermaggot treateby ostrus ovis ameriocan kertaineblspetplan&herovet&hutler vet techncian usa

  22. davidabddelmohsen beshara metryafrica Says:

    i discover fertilzation coldregion faulty nanchemics adds grapheneearlymoringcoloraysneobls

  23. davidabddelmohsen beshara metryafrica Says:

    i discoverdeath fly neostrainusa brachy virusethiopia

  24. dr-david abdelmohsen beshara metry usa Says:

    Mongolian Problem cobrachy colostarslowest asian count country

  25. dr-david abdelmohsen beshara metry usa Says:

    imporable resheshersstarist 22day colostars&rivo&colocrystals

  26. dr-david abdelmohsen beshara metry usa Says:

    ig nobel geogenrtor airrobort&wall colopen fix desert sandy egion crystals&diodde graphene&h2s04

  27. dr-david abdelmohsen beshara metry usa Says:

    saliva cows colosaliva

  28. davidabdelmohsen beshara ferance Says:

    i discover franscimium 206GMS: The Sun Produces Two CMEs
    The sun itself is obscured in this picture &mdash taken by an instrument called a coronagraphestatus/751072301446201344&col ographic10kj earth france 12345678910111213141516171819202122232425g— so that its bright light doesn’t drown out the picture of …Phase solid
    Melting point 2023 K ​(1750 °C, ​3182 °F)
    Boiling point 5061 K ​(4788 °C, ​8650 °F)
    Density near r.t. 11.7 g/cm3
    Heat of fusion 13.81 kJ/mol
    Heat of vaporisation 514 kJ/mol
    Molar heat capacity 26.230 J/(mol·K)
    Vapour pressure
    P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
    at T (K) 2633 2907 3248 3683 4259 5055
    Atomic properties
    Oxidation states 4, 3, 2, 1
    Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.3
    Ionisation energies 1st: 587 kJ/mol
    2nd: 1110 kJ/mol
    3rd: 1930 kJ/mol
    Atomic radius empirical: 179.8 pm
    Covalent radius 206±6 pm

  29. davidabdelmohsen beshara ferance Says:

    whale mummy dermal&stones rhzpous3day-2day

  30. david abd elmohsen beshara egy Says:

    load hard water miracleeamorning student colorice&late evning offeshipscolrity eatdyno rice water rice&load waterquiltychiken.png&-beef.png

  31. vtechncian-david abdelmohsen beshara metry Says:


  32. Tim Says:

    Why all the gibberish spam?

  33. ash Says:

    i believe that in response to this article, the contributor is talking through his colon

Leave a Reply