A better-rounded understanding of why wombat poo is cubic

Ian Sample reports, in The Guardian, a new discovery by Ig Nobel Prize winners, about wombat poo shape:

Scientists unravel secret of cube-shaped wombat faeces
Researchers investigate why excrement emerges in awkward-shaped blocks

… “My curiosity got triggered when I realised that cubical feces exist,” said Patricia Yang pictured below], a postdoctoral fellow in mechanical engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta. “I thought it was not true in the first place.”

In a new study, Yang and her colleagues have had a fresh crack at the problem. To gain new insights into the mystery, they studied the digestive tracts of common wombats that had been put to sleep after being struck by cars and trucks on roads in Tasmania.

Close inspection revealed that the wombat’s excrement solidified in the last 8% of the intestine, where the faeces built up as blocks the size of long and chunky sugar cubes. By emptying the intestines and inflating them with long modelling balloons, of the sort used to make balloon animals at children’s parties, the researchers measured how the tissue stretched in different places….

The first public presentation happened today, at the annual meeting of the American Physical Society.

Urination Duration

The 2015 Ig Nobel Prize for physics was awarded to Patricia Yang, David Hu, and Jonathan Pham, Jerome Choo, for testing the biological principle that nearly all mammals empty their bladders in about 21 seconds (plus or minus 13 seconds).

The urine-duration research is documented in the study “Duration of Urination Does Not Change With Body Size,” Patricia J. Yang, Jonathan Pham, Jerome Choo, and David L. Hu, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 111 no. 33, August 19, 2014, pp. 11932–11937.

David Hu, and some of the research done by him Patricia Yang and their colleagues, was profiled a few days ago in the New York Times.

Update: Cat Tongues?

And from the same lab: Alexis Noel’s experiments with understanding cat tongues: “Got Your Cat Tongue?

Update: Wok Tossing

Another lab member, Hungtang Ko, is experimenting with the physics of woks. Anna Kusmer tells about this in an Atlas Obscura report called “Breaking Down the Physics of Wok Tossing.”

Current Grad Students

Here’s a list of the lab’s current grad students:

  • Olga Shishkov, a graduate student  working on insect larvae
  • Michael Tennenbaum, a graduate student involved in studies of ants as fluids, co-advised with Alberto Fernandez-Nieves
  • Thomas Spencer, a graduate student working on moth antennae
  • Marguerite Matherne, a graduate student working on tails
  • Alexander Lee, a graduate student working on sniffing
  • Andrew Schulz, a graduate student working on elephant trunks
  • Huntang Ko, a graduate student working on frog tongues
  • Daniel Kimmel, a graduate student working on running on water

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