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Drinking tears (the case of the butterfly and the girl)

September 22nd, 2020

Kees Moeliker reports a well-known—but seldom noticed by humans—butterfly behavior: drinking human tears.

Here is a machine-translation into English of his report in the September 22, 2020 issue of the Dutch newspaper NRC:

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Drinking tears

While on holiday in the Alps, a butterfly feasts on the eye fluid of Kees Moeliker’s daughter

The splendor of flowers in a Tyrolean alpine meadow provides an exuberant butterfly life that we no longer know at home in our parched and botanically impoverished Dutch meadows. Everywhere are mazarine blues, pearly heaths, meadow browns, and even swallowtails.

A brown-black butterfly flies around restlessly at a forest edge where we rest along a brook. When he sits down on the green canvas of my backpack, the orange wing band appears with striking black eye spots with bright white centers. I don’t know the species, but with the iObs app it becomes clear that it is the summer erebia (Erebia aethiops), a common species in the Alps. Nothing new under the sun, but that changes when the butterfly lands on my daughter’s nose. “It is very itchy, Daddy,” says Anna Inez (12), who admirably lets nature take its course, even as the insect slowly moves towards her eye. In cases like this, even on vacation, all I can do is observe and record: the butterfly – a male – is now sitting on her cheek, poking between her narrowed eyelids with its proboscis. My very own child undergoes a blatant attempt of ‘lachryphagy’ – drinking tear fluid – by a European diurnal butterfly!

Thanks to decades of research by Hans Bänzinger, this behavior is known, but only in tropical moths, flies and bees. The Swiss entomologist consistently illustrated the countless articles he published on lachryphagy with terrifying photos of his own wide-open eyes in which insects often greedily feast on his tear fluid.

This tear-drinking has now been recorded in more than a hundred insect species. They are after sodium and proteins, mainly in cattle, horses, deer and elephants and to a lesser extent in caimans, turtles and birds. About 25 insect species, most of them moths, also suck moisture from people’s eyes. In teardrop-drinking butterflies, the proboscis acts as a suction organ that is specially equipped with nasty spines and barbs (for grip) but with a flexible tip, designed not to irritate the victim unnecessarily. Bänzinger only felt extreme pain when attacked by the Lobocraspis griseifusa moth with squinted eyes. With his eyes open, he experienced nothing worth mentioning or ‘pinpricks’. Anna Inez described the feeling as “irritating”.

After barely two minutes the butterfly flies away and lands (because of my glasses?) on my lower lip. I can barely suppress my first reflex (splash!)

Pictoline’s pictures of the Ig

September 21st, 2020

Pictoline made this nifty graphic about some of the new Ig Nobel Prize winners:

Pocket-Sized #1034: “Ice Cream and Human-Powered Flight”

September 21st, 2020

In this special Pocked-Sized episode #1034, Marc Abrahams extracts some flash-frozen bits of history from techno-sociologist Gus Rancatore, proprietor of Toscanini’s Ice Cream.

Today, Gus shares with us the inner workings of human-powered flight and the apocryphal nature of one certain contributor.

Remember, our Patreon donors, on most levels, get access to each podcast episode before it is made public.

Seth Gliksman, Production Assistant

Available on Spotify, Apple Podcasts, Overcast, Google Podcasts, AntennaPod, BeyondPod and elsewhere!

Reinventing the ‘Dandy Horse’ [patent]

September 21st, 2020

A ‘Dandy Horse’ was the colloquial name given to a primitive pedal-less bicycle which was a fashionable mode of transport in Europe around 1819.

Fast forward to 2008, when a US patent was granted for an ‘Apparatus for Shifting Weight from a Runner to a Wheeled Frame ‘

– which, at first glance seems remarkably similar. But, unlike the original, the new invention “transfers part of the weight of the runner/walker to the wheeled frame by an elastic means“. Whereas the Dandy Horse was decidedly non-elastic.

Note: Followers of Nominative Determinism may notice the inventor’s name – Mr. Dandy.

Research research by Martin Gardiner

The 2020 Ig Nobel Prize winners

September 18th, 2020

The new Ig Nobel Prize Winners were introduced yesterday, at the 30th First Annual Ig Nobel Prize ceremony.

The ceremony was webcast this year in several versions, including Spanish, Japanese, Chinese, and British English. Here is a recording of the direct-from-Cambridge-Massachusetts version of the webcast:

You might enjoy also looking at some news reports about the ceremony.

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